Blood factors of Sus scrofa following a series of three TASER electronic control device exposures

Forensic Science International : Synergy
James R JauchemCharles W Beason

Abstract

In a previous study, 18 repeated exposures of anaesthetized swine to an electro-muscular incapacitating device (TASER International's ADVANCED TASER X26 electronic control device) resulted in acidosis and increases in blood electrolytes. In the current study, experiments were performed to investigate effects of a more typical scenario of repeated exposures of the device on muscle contraction and changes in blood factors. Ten swine were exposed for 5s, followed by a 5-s period of no exposure, three times. Selected blood factors were monitored for 3h following exposure. Transient increases in blood glucose, lactate, sodium, potassium, calcium, and pCO(2) were consistent with previous reports in the literature dealing with studies of muscle stimulation or exercise. Blood pH was decreased immediately following exposure, but subsequently returned toward a normal level. Oxygen saturation (measured by pulse oximetry) was not changed significantly. In conclusion, three repeated TASER device exposures had only transient effects on blood factors, which all returned to pre-exposure levels, with the exception of hematocrit (which remained elevated after 3h). Since the increase in this factor was less than that which may occur after short p...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Oct 11, 2011·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Sebastian N KunzOliver Peschel
Mar 31, 2009·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·James JauchemMichael C Cook
Jul 15, 2009·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·James R JauchemCurtis M Klages
Nov 26, 2009·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·James R Jauchem
Aug 5, 2010·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Donald M DawesJames R Miner
Apr 2, 2013·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·James R JauchemMelissa Tarango
Mar 17, 2012·Forensic Science International : Synergy·S N KunzF Fischer
Jun 23, 2009·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Jeffrey D HoJames R Miner
Nov 21, 2008·Forensic Science International : Synergy·D DawesJ Miner
Aug 18, 2009·Emergency Medicine Australasia : EMA·Megan RobbPeter Aitken
Mar 16, 2013·Journal of Forensic Sciences·David M JenkinsJacob R Werner
Apr 8, 2010·Academic Emergency Medicine : Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine·Donald M DawesJames R Miner
Mar 20, 2012·American Heart Journal·Sebastian N Kunz
Feb 6, 2010·Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine·Kirsten M VanMeenenRichard J Servatius
Feb 3, 2018·Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift·Sebastian N Kunz, Jiri Adamec
Mar 14, 2019·The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology·Stephan Andreas BolligerRosa Maria Martinez
Apr 6, 2011·The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology·James R JauchemDavid A Fines
Jun 30, 2018·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Sebastian N KunzMark W Kroll
Dec 7, 2018·Journal of Forensic Sciences·James R JauchemMichael B Jirjis

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