Apr 1, 2020

Blood Free-Circulating DNA Testing of Methylated RUNX3 Is Useful for Diagnosing Early Gastric Cancer

Cancers
Eizaburou HideuraTakahiro Yamasaki

Abstract

The main modalities for gastric cancer screening are limited to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and contrast radiography. The former is invasive, and the latter has high false-negative rates. Thus, alternative diagnostic strategies are required. One solution may be a liquid biopsy. Methylated RUNX3 is a well-known biomarker of gastric cancer but it is very difficult to detect with conventional bisulfite-based methylation assays when only a small amount of serum is available. We developed the combined restriction digital PCR (CORD) assay, a new methylation assay allowing for the counting of as little as one copy of a methylated gene in a small sample of DNA without necessitating DNA bisulfite treatment. We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of the serum DNA testing of methylated RUNX3 by the CORD assay for the detection of early gastric cancer using 50 patients with early gastric cancer and 61 control individuals. The CORD assay had a sensitivity of 50.0% and a specificity of 80.3% for early gastric cancer. Methylated RUNX3 copies were significantly associated with tumor size, massive submucosal invasion, and lymph-vascular invasion. After the treatment, the median number of methylated RUNX3 copies was significantly decr...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Detection
Tumor Size
Stomach Carcinoma
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
Blood
Tumor Cell Invasion
False Negative
Serum
Detected (Finding)
Vascular Invasion by Tumor

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