Mar 1, 1980

Blood-group-ABH antigens of human erythrocytes. Quantitative studies on the distribution of H antigenic sites among different classes of membrane components

European Journal of Biochemistry
H Schenkel-Brunner


The contribution of blood-group-active glycolipids and glycoproteins to the blood-group-ABH character of human erythrocytes was investigated. For that purpose the blood-group-H sites of human O cells were converted in vitro into group-A sites by transfer of alpha-N-acetyl-D-[14C]galactosamine residues with the aid of the blood-group-A gene-dependent alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyl transferase prepared from human A1 plasma. Upon partition of the red cell membranes between water and organic solvent, about 5% of the label was found in the organic phase and about 20% in the water phase, thus reflecting the distribution of blood-group antigenic sites between glycosphingolipids with short carbohydrate chains and polyglycosylceramides, respectively. The fact that about 70% of the radioactivity remained tightly bound to the membranes and could only be released by treatment with pronase provided good evidence that the bulk of blood-group-H determinants is bound to glycoprotein material. Following these results it can thus be assumed that blood-group-ABH activity of human erythrocytes is determined preferentially by group-specific glycoproteins rather than glycolipids.

Mentioned in this Paper

Tissue Membrane
Antigen D, Rh Blood Group
Blood Group H Type 1 Antigen
Antigenic Specificity
Organic solvent product

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.