Aug 1, 1976

Blood levels and electroencephalographic effects of diazepam and bromazepam

Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
M FinkA H Conney

Abstract

Blood levels and electroencephalographic (EEG) data were collected for 2 hr after single oral doses of bromazepam (9 mg), diazepam (10 mg), and placebo in 13 male adult volunteers. Both drugs caused an increase in beta activity (above 13 Hz) and a decrease in alpha activity (9 to 11 Hz) in the EEG. Blood levels of 100 ng/ml of diazepam or 50 ng/ml of bromazepam were associated with significant changes in EEG beta activity. Temporal changes in the EEG after administration of diazepam or bromazepam paralleled development of plasma levels of these drugs. Although a weakly significant correlation was found between measurable diazepam blood levels and amount of increased EEG beta activity, the relationship between measurable bromazepam blood levels and the degree of EEG changes was not significant. Quantitative EEG is a sensitive continuous response measure, useful in defining cerebral activity, response latency, and relative potency of psychoactive benzodiazepines.

  • References
  • Citations25

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Bromazepam
Electroencephalography
Human Volunteers
Anti-Anxiety Effect
Brain
Psychoactive substance
Administration Procedure
Pharmacologic Substance
Blood
Plasma

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.