Aug 13, 2002

Blood pressure response after two-step exercise as a powerful predictor of hypertension: the Osaka Health Survey

Journal of Hypertension
Kei TsumuraKunio Okada


To investigate the relationship between blood pressure at 4 min after exercise using a Master's two-step and the risk for hypertension. Prospective cohort study. Work site in Osaka, Japan. A total of 6557 Japanese men, aged 35-63 years with systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) < 90 mmHg, and no history of hypertension or diabetes at baseline. Blood pressure was measured by standard techniques, using 160/95 mmHg for diagnosis of hypertension. Normotension was defined as no history of hypertension, and SBP < 130 mmHg and DBP < 85 mmHg. High normal blood pressure was defined as no history of hypertension and SBP >or= 130 and < 140 mmHg or DBP >or= 85 and < 90 mmHg. During the 63 696 person-years follow-up period, we confirmed 660 cases of hypertension. SBP and DBP after exercise were associated with an increased risk for developing hypertension. The multiple-adjusted relative risk for SBP and DBP after exercise were 1.55 per 10 mmHg (confidence interval, 1.42-1.69) and 1.55 per 10 mmHg (confidence interval, 1.42-1.69), respectively. These associations were independent of resting SBP and DBP. Even after stratifying subjects according to blood pressure at rest, SBP or DBP at 4 min after exercis...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Diastolic Blood Pressure Measurement
Exercise, Isometric
Systolic Blood Pressure Measurement
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Incidence Studies
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test
Hypertensive Disease
Blood Pressure
Health Surveys

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.