Bloodstream infections after interventional procedures in the biliary tract

Radiology
C D ClarkW C Dunagan

Abstract

To assess the adequacy of prophylaxis for interventional radiologic biliary procedures and the etiologic organisms of subsequent bloodstream infections. Data from 148 patients who underwent 480 interventional radiologic biliary procedures were evaluated for evidence of bloodstream infection. Data analyzed included type of procedure performed, whether an antibiotic was used, and evidence of infectious complications occurring during and within 72 hours after the procedure. All culture data obtained before and after the procedure were recorded. Seven cases of new bloodstream infection were identified, five of which were caused by Enterococcus species. No substantial risk factors for bloodstream infection were identified, although it occurred only in patients who had recently undergone biliary surgery or underwent manipulations other than simple cholangiography. Microbial colonization of the bile was associated with older age. Evidence of possible or proved infection after the first interventional procedure was more common in patients with positive bile cultures. Although the importance of enterococcal bacteremia is uncertain, current recommendations for cephalosporin prophylaxis for interventional radiologic biliary procedures sho...Continue Reading

Citations

Jun 1, 2005·Seminars in Interventional Radiology·Ali Zarrinpar, Robert K Kerlan
Jun 5, 2004·Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR·J Mark RyanTony P Smith
Apr 18, 1998·Nursing Spectrum·B Tipsord-Klinkhammer, K Raney
Jun 9, 1998·Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR·V S DravidD B Freiman
Dec 19, 2001·Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology·A B WinickA C Venbrux
Dec 3, 2014·Clinical Radiology·J A SutcliffeR Uberoi
Nov 1, 1995·Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR·E S MaldenW C Dunagan
Jul 1, 1996·Artificial Organs·S J ForbesW A Smith
Jun 1, 2012·Medical Science Monitor : International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research·Wolfgang J SchnedlManfred Tillich
Jan 25, 2003·Transplantation·Olympia A TachopoulouThomas F Keys
Jul 31, 1998·Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR·L A BrodyL H Blumgart

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.