PMID: 7812609Sep 1, 1994Paper

BMS-180560, an insurmountable inhibitor of angiotensin II-stimulated responses: comparison with losartan and EXP3174

British Journal of Pharmacology
K E DickinsonJ R Powell


1. This study compares the activity of BMS-180560 (2-butyl-1-chloro-1-[[1-[2-(2H-tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl]-1H-indol-4- yl]methyl]-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid), an insurmountable angiotensin II (AII) receptor antagonist, with that of losartan and EXP3174 in functional and biochemical models of AII-receptor activation. 2. BMS-180560 selectively inhibited [125I]-Sar1Ile8AII ([125I]SI-AII) binding to rat aortic smooth muscle (RASM) cell and rat adrenal cortical AT1 receptors (Ki = 7.6 +/- 1.2 and 18.4 +/- 3.9 nM respectively) compared to adrenal cortical AT2 receptors (Ki = 37.6 +/- 1.3 microM). The Ki values of BMS-180560 and EXP3174, but not losartan, varied as a function of the BSA concentration used in the assays, indicating that the diacid drugs bound to albumin. 3. BMS-180560 (3-300 nM) increased the KD of SI-AII for RASM cell AT1 receptors. Only at high concentrations of BMS-180560 (300 nM) were Bmax values decreased. 4. BMS-180560 inhibited AII-stimulated contraction of rabbit aorta with a calculated KB = 0.068 +/- 0.048 nM and decreased maximal AII-stimulated contraction at 1 nM BMS-180560 by 75%. In the presence of 0.1% BSA, a higher KB value (5.2 +/- 0.92 nM) was obtained. Losartan behaved as a competitive antagonist with...Continue Reading


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