BN-063, a newly synthesized adenosine A1 receptor agonist, attenuates myocardial reperfusion injury in rats

European Journal of Pharmacology
Y M LeeM H Yen

Abstract

To assess the efficacy of the newly synthesized selective adenosine A1 receptor agonist, BN-063 (1-cyclopropylisoguanosine), against myocardial reperfusion injury, 31 rats underwent 45 min of left coronary artery occlusion and 1 h of reperfusion. Animals were randomly assigned to four groups: control, I0.5-R0.5, in which BN-063 (0.5 mg/kg i.v. bolus) was administered during both ischemia and reperfusion, R-0.5 and R-1.0, in which BN-063 was administered only during reperfusion at 0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg, respectively. The area at risk was determined by intravascular injection of blue dye during coronary artery occlusion, which was performed by retightening the ligature at the end of reperfusion, and infarct size was determined by incubation of heart slices in nitro blue tetrazolium chloride. A significant reduction in infarct size, as a percentage of the area at risk, was noted with all three BN-063 treatment groups (control: 63.5 +/- 4.0%, I0.5-R0.5: 39.6 +/- 3.7%, R-0.5: 37.5 +/- 3.5%, R-1.0: 38.1 +/- 5.2%). However, the I0.5-R0.5 group did not shown a more beneficial effect than the other two BN-063-treated groups. In addition, BN-063 exerted a protective effect on the number of ventricular premature contractions associated with r...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

BN 063
Metazoa
Cardiac Depressants
Cardiac Arrhythmia
Sinus Node Artery
Guanosine
Hemodynamics
Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury
Rats, Holtzman

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