Feb 20, 2020

Body Mass Index Status across Different Psychiatric Disorders in a National Survey amongst Children and Adolescents: To Identify the Role of Gender

Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Mohammad Reza MohammadiNastaran Ahmadi

Abstract

Objective: Body mass index undergoes a substantial change in some psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to explore the status of body mass index (BMI) in different psychiatric disorders in a national survey among children and adolescents and to identify the role of gender in this regard. Method: A total of 30 532 children and adolescents were randomly selected using cluster sampling method with equal blocks of three age groups and two genders. Psychiatric disorders were assessed using a standardized face-to-face diagnostic interview of Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (KSADS-PL), and Body Mass Index (BMI) was measured for each participant. Results: In this study, 22 730 children and adolescents (109 46 boys and 11784 girls), with valid data of BMI, completed the KSADS-PL interview. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders was 21.2% among underweight participants, 22.8% among overweight participants, and 22.2% among obese participants, which was significantly higher than normal weight participants with 19.6% (X2 = 17.55; p = 0.001). In boys' subgroup, depression and separation anxiety were mostly seen among the underweight category, while tic disorder was mostly seen in the ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Anxiety
Schizophrenia
Overweight
Alcohol Abuse
Mood Disorders
Separation Anxiety Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Manic
Subgroup
Mice, Obese

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