Bone ingrowth into open architecture PEEK interference screw after ACL reconstruction

Martin LindStacey Leake-Gardner


Purpose Open or fenestrated interference screw design that allow bone ingrowth is a concept for improved bone healing to softtissue graft and bone filling in bone tunnels after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) The aim of the current study was to assess CT scanning evaluated bone ingrowth into an open architecture interference screws in the tibial tunnel of patients undergoing ACL with soft tissue grafts. It was hypothesized that open architecture interference screws would stimulate bone ingrowth into the screw cavities. Methods Twelve patients requiring ACLR were included. They underwent arthroscopic ACLR with semitendinosus-/gracilis tendon graft and an open architecture polyetheretherketone (PEEK) interference screw. The patients were scanned with a multi-slice CT scanner two weeks, six and twelve months postoperatively. On CT reconstruction slices bone ingrowth into the screw was measured. Subjective and objective clinical outcome international knee documentation committee score and instrumented knee laxity determination were collected. Results At six months no implants demonstrated more than 10 % bone ingrowth. At twelve months 42 % (5/12) implants had more than 10 % bone ingrowth (p = 0.009). The average bo...Continue Reading

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