Bone Marrow Gene Therapy for HIV/AIDS

Viruses
Elena Herrera-Carrillo, Ben Berkhout

Abstract

Bone marrow gene therapy remains an attractive option for treating chronic immunological diseases, including acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This technology combines the differentiation and expansion capacity of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) with long-term expression of therapeutic transgenes using integrating vectors. In this review we summarize the potential of bone marrow gene therapy for the treatment of HIV/AIDS. A broad range of antiviral strategies are discussed, with a particular focus on RNA-based therapies. The idea is to develop a durable gene therapy that lasts the life span of the infected individual, thus contrasting with daily drug regimens to suppress the virus. Different approaches have been proposed to target either the virus or cellular genes encoding co-factors that support virus replication. Some of these therapies have been tested in clinical trials, providing proof of principle that gene therapy is a safe option for treating HIV/AIDS. In this review several topics are discussed, ranging from the selection of the antiviral molecule and the viral target to the optimal vector system for gene delivery and the setup of appropriate preclinical test syste...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Metazoa
Marrow
Genetic Therapy, Somatic
HIV-1
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Antiviral Agents
Art Therapy
Bone Marrow

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