Brain dynamics of distractibility: interaction between top-down and bottom-up mechanisms of auditory attention

Brain Topography
Aurélie Bidet-CauletOlivier Bertrand


Attention improves the processing of specific information while other stimuli are disregarded. A good balance between bottom-up (attentional capture by unexpected salient stimuli) and top-down (selection of relevant information) mechanisms is crucial to be both task-efficient and aware of our environment. Only few studies have explored how an isolated unexpected task-irrelevant stimulus outside the attention focus can disturb the top-down attention mechanisms necessary to the good performance of the ongoing task, and how these top-down mechanisms can modulate the bottom-up mechanisms of attentional capture triggered by an unexpected event. We recorded scalp electroencephalography in 18 young adults performing a new paradigm measuring distractibility and assessing both bottom-up and top-down attention mechanisms, at the same time. Increasing task load in top-down attention was found to reduce early processing of the distracting sound, but not bottom-up attentional capture mechanisms nor the behavioral distraction cost in reaction time. Moreover, the impact of bottom-up attentional capture by distracting sounds on target processing was revealed as a delayed latency of the N100 sensory response to target sounds mirroring increased...Continue Reading


Feb 1, 1989·Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology·F PerrinJ F Echallier
May 1, 1989·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance·H J Müller, P M Rabbitt
Aug 1, 1966·Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology·H DavisS Zerlin
Oct 12, 1973·Science·S A HillyardT W Picton
Dec 1, 1968·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·D A Nelson, F M Lassman
Nov 26, 1965·Science·S SuttonE R John
Nov 1, 1982·Psychological Bulletin·Risto Näätänen
Jan 1, 1997·Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology·T ImadaM Kotani
Nov 6, 1998·Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience·Carles EsceraRisto Näätänen
Dec 10, 1999·Psychological Bulletin·Risto Näätänen, I Winkler
Feb 3, 2000·Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology·S SuwazonoRobert T Knight
Feb 10, 2000·Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research·T HarmonyA Reyes
Mar 7, 2000·Frontiers in Bioscience : a Journal and Virtual Library·Marie-Helene GiardJ Pernier
Jun 22, 2000·Audiology & Neuro-otology·Carles EsceraI Winkler
Jul 11, 2001·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·D FriedmanH Gaeta
Nov 13, 2001·Alcohol and Alcoholism : International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism·K MarinkovicI Maltzman
Dec 18, 2001·International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology·C H Brunia, G J van Boxtel
May 8, 2002·Nature Reviews. Neuroscience·Maurizio Corbetta, Gordon L Shulman
Sep 28, 2002·Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology·E J GolobA Starr
Mar 4, 2003·Nature Reviews. Neuroscience·Charan Ranganath, Gregor Rainer
Apr 23, 2003·Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research·Elena YagoJosep M Serra-Grabulosa
Nov 19, 2003·The European Journal of Neuroscience·Carles EsceraM Isabel Nuñez
Feb 28, 2004·Hearing Research·E Ofek, Hillel Pratt
Feb 22, 2005·Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology·Phillip M GilleyKathryn Martin
Nov 18, 2005·Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research·Domenico RestucciaMassimiliano Valeriani
May 17, 2006·Brain Research·Irena HoleckovaDominique Morlet
Jan 16, 2007·Brain Research·Alexandra Muller-Gass, Erich Schröger
Apr 21, 2007·Cognition·Fabrice B R ParmentierIria San Miguel
May 15, 2007·Brain Research Bulletin·Carlos M GómezAlfredo Ledesma
Jun 19, 2007·Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology·John Polich
Aug 31, 2007·The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience·Aurélie Bidet-CauletOlivier Bertrand
Sep 12, 2008·The European Journal of Neuroscience·Judith Domínguez-BorràsCarles Escera
Nov 21, 2008·The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience·Rogier B MarsSven Bestmann
Dec 8, 2009·Biological Psychology·Iria SanMiguelCarles Escera
Oct 5, 2010·International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology·Robert J BarryJacqueline A Rushby
Dec 2, 2010·Frontiers in Human Neuroscience·Ole Jensen, Ali Mazaheri
Feb 16, 2011·International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology·Matthew W MillerBradley D Hatfield
Jun 21, 2011·Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience·Pierre-Emmanuel AgueraOlivier Bertrand
Oct 26, 2011·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance·Nicole WetzelErich Schröger
May 9, 2012·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·Jessica K LjungbergNuria Vega
Apr 10, 2013·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·Fabrice B R Parmentier, Maria Hebrero
Jun 15, 2013·Psychophysiology·Nicole WetzelAndreas Widmann
Aug 6, 2013·Psychological Research·János Horváth
Nov 1, 1996·Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience·Erich Schröger


Apr 14, 2015·Cognition & Emotion·Virginie Peschard, Pierre Philippot
May 10, 2018·Journal of Neurophysiology·Olli LöfbergJari Karhu
Jun 27, 2020·PloS One·Huaizhen Cai, Micheal L Dent
Aug 12, 2020·Scientific Reports·Judith NicolasDenis Pélisson
Jul 4, 2020·Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology·Rémy MassonAnne Caclin

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Related Papers

Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Fabrice B R Parmentier, Maria Hebrero
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved