Nov 20, 2003

Brain metabolism during cardiopulmonary resuscitation assessed with microdialysis

Resuscitation
Ludger BahlmannK H Lindner

Abstract

Microdialysis is an established tool to analyse tissue biochemistry, but the value of this technique to monitor cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) effects on cerebral metabolism is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of active-compression-decompression (ACD) CPR in combination with an inspiratory threshold valve (ITV) (=experimental CPR) vs. standard CPR on cerebral metabolism measured with microdialysis. Fourteen domestic pigs were surfaced-cooled to a body core temperature of 26 degrees C and ventricular fibrillation was induced, followed by 10 min of untreated cardiac arrest; and subsequently, standard (n=7) CPR vs. experimental (n=7) CPR. After 8 min of CPR, all animals received 0.4 U/kg vasopressin IV, and CPR was maintained for an additional 10 min in each group; defibrillation was attempted after a total of 28 min of cardiac arrest, including 18 min of CPR. In the standard CPR group, microdialysis measurements showed a 13-fold increase of the lactate-pyruvate ratio from 7.2+/-1.3 to 95.5+/-15.4 until the end of CPR (P<0.01), followed by a further increase up to 138+/-32 during the postresuscitation period. The experimental group developed a sixfold increase of the lactate-pyruvate ratio from 7.1...Continue Reading

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References

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Ventricular Fibrillation
Lactate
Decompression Sickness
Pitressin
Antidiuretic Hormone Measurement
Pyruvate Measurement
Brain
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Lactic Acid Measurement

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