PMID: 1389077Mar 1, 1992

Brain-stem auditory pathways: effects of atropine

Bollettino della Società italiana di biologia sperimentale
I SalonnaA Quaranta


The efferent pathways exert a control action on the function of the cochlear nucleus and hair cells. Acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter of the centrifugal system and its action can be blocked by Atropine. In order to give a contribution to the knowledge of the function of the efferent bundle, Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABRs) and Acoustic Reflex Latencies (ARLs) have been examined in 10 young normal subjects there was also a decrease in latency greater than or equal to 100 microseconds by at least other two waves. The only statistically significant difference was relative to the latency mean value of the wave III recorded in contralateral derivation at 11 pps. The ARLs, after the infusion of atropine, showed a statistically significant increase in 7 of the 10 cases; no change was recorded in the AR amplitude. It can be concluded that the pharmacological block of the olivo-cochlear bundle determines a delay in the neural conduction of the acoustic impulses; this finding means that the atropine can inhibit the facilitating activity of the efferent system on the brainstem afferent pathways.

Related Concepts

Acetylcholine Sulfate (1: 1)
Afferent Pathways
Auditory Pathway Structure
Cochlear Nerve
Depression, Chemical
Motor Pathways
Olivary Nucleus
Reaction Time
Reflex, Acoustic

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Bollettino della Società italiana di biologia sperimentale
I SalonnaA Quaranta
ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and Its Related Specialties
H TanakaY Noguchi
Masui. The Japanese journal of anesthesiology
T InoueM Takasaki
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved