Structural basis for active-site probes targeting Staphylococcus aureus serine hydrolase virulence factors

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Matthias FellnerP. D. Mace

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of infection in the community and in hospitals. Serine hydrolases play key roles in bacterial homeostasis, in particular biofilms. Activity-based profiling has previously identified a family of serine hydrolases, designated fluorophosphonate-binding hydrolases (Fphs), which contribute to virulence of S. aureus in the biofilm niche. Here we report structures of the putative tributyrin esterase FphF, alone and covalently bound by a substrate analog, and small molecule inhibitors that occupy the hydrophobic substrate-binding pocket. We show that FphF has promiscuous esterase activity. Building from this, we extended our analysis to the wider Fph protein family using homology modeling and docking tools. We predict that other Fph enzymes, including FphB which was linked directly to virulence, may be more specific than FphF. This study provides insight into Fph function and a template for designing new imaging agents, diagnostic probes, and inhibitors to treat S. aureus infections.

Related Concepts

Study
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Brain
Gray Matter
Entire Midbrain
Entire Posterior Tubercle of Thalamus
Multicenter Study
Morphometric Analysis
Gilles De La Tourette Syndrome
Monitoring - Action

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.