PMID: 9451388Feb 6, 1998Paper

Breast cancer mortality trends in Australia: 1921 to 1994

The Medical Journal of Australia
C L SmithB K Armstrong

Abstract

To analyse breast cancer mortality trends in Australia and to see if mammographic screening has yet led to a reduction in mortality. Retrospective analysis of trends in mortality rates from breast cancer in Australian women between 1921 and 1994, and in potentially explanatory variables such as fertility, body size, age at menarche, and screening. Changes in breast cancer mortality in Australian women could not be explained by chance variation alone. Mortality rose steadily (average annual increase, 1.0%) to 1940-1944, fell to the 1960s and early 1970s, and rose (average annual increase, 0.3%) to the late 1980s. Between 1985-1989 and 1990-1994, breast cancer mortality fell by 3.2% in women 50-69 years of age (the target age group for mammographic screening) and by 4.2% in women 25-49 years of age. There was almost on change (-0.2%) in breast cancer mortality in older women in this period. The proportion of women screened in all age groups increased substantially between 1988 and 1994; nearly 65% of women in the target age group had had at least one mammogram by 1994. Decreases in fertility were followed by increases in mortality, and vice versa. Trends in breast cancer mortality have probably been influenced by changing fertili...Continue Reading

References

Dec 1, 1979·The Medical Journal of Australia·G M MayA E Dugdale
May 1, 1977·American Journal of Epidemiology·D T Wigle
Aug 1, 1991·The Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology·G Santow
May 1, 1991·Breast Cancer Research and Treatment·B E Henderson, L Bernstein
Jul 20, 1991·BMJ : British Medical Journal·H Joensuu, S Toikkanen
Oct 20, 1986·The Medical Journal of Australia·N E HitchcockA I Gilmour
May 1, 1982·American Journal of Epidemiology·R G StevensJ A Lee
Mar 21, 1981·The Medical Journal of Australia·N T FlemingI R James
Jun 19, 1995·The Medical Journal of Australia·P P GlasziouC M Mahon
Jul 17, 1995·The Medical Journal of Australia·A KrickerL A Porter
Jan 1, 1994·European Journal of Cancer : Official Journal for European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) [and] European Association for Cancer Research (EACR)·H W NabJ W Coebergh
Jan 1, 1996·Cancer Investigation·E B Buchanan
Jan 1, 1996·Cancer Causes & Control : CCC·W C Willett, D Trichopoulos
Oct 9, 1996·International Journal of Cancer. Journal International Du Cancer·E PetridouD Trichopoulos
Nov 6, 1996·Journal of the National Cancer Institute·K C ChuB K Edwards
Sep 1, 1991·Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism : TEM·R E Frisch

Citations

Sep 1, 1999·Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition·C HorwathM L Wahlqvist
Nov 28, 2007·Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology·Sarah-Jane DawsonKelly-Anne Phillips
Jan 25, 2006·The Breast Journal·D Maxwell Parkin, Leticia M G Fernández
Jun 11, 1999·International Journal of Cancer. Journal International Du Cancer·A KrickerB K Armstrong
Aug 25, 2000·European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP)·A R Walker
Nov 13, 2004·Breast Cancer Research : BCR·Freddie BrayD Maxwell Parkin
Feb 26, 2013·Journal of Clinical Pathology·Sandra A O'TooleSamantha R Oakes
Aug 4, 2005·ANZ Journal of Surgery·Katrina SpilsburyC D J Holman
Oct 12, 2005·Statistics in Medicine·Bircan ErbasDorota M Gertig

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Cancer Incidence & Mortality

Cancer has emerged as a global concern due to its increase in incidence and mortality. Efforts are underway to evaluate and develop action plans to reduce the global burden of cancer. Currently, lung cancer, breast cancer and prostate cancer are the leading causes of cancer mortality. Here is the latest research on cancer incidence and mortality.