Breech presentation after 34 weeks-a meta-analysis of corrected perinatal mortality/morbidity according to the method of delivery

Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology : the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
B LangerG Schlaeder


We conducted a meta-analysis of the mortality and morbidity of the breech presentation according to the method of delivery. Using the term 'breech', we used the Medline data base to search the English and French-language literature from 1978 to July 1995. Twenty-two studies (7239 deliveries) were found and analysed. The meta-analysis concerning perinatal mortality did not reveal a significant increased risk, when vaginal deliveries were compared with those delivered by a caesarean section (odds ratio: 1.90; confidence interval: 0.59-8.22) or when vaginal deliveries were compared with those done by planned caesarean section (odds ratio: 4.95; confidence interval: 0.44-80.06). The neonatal morbidity showed an increased risk with vaginal delivery. It is concluded that the practice of resorting to caesarean section for every breech presentation at term does not seem defensible.


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Related Concepts

Morbidity Aspects
Meta-Analysis (Publications)
Breech Presentation

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