PMID: 6320443Jan 26, 1984Paper

Bronchodilators

La semaine des hôpitaux : organe fondé par l'Association d'enseignement médical des hôpitaux de Paris
C AdvenierP Duroux

Abstract

Bronchodilating drugs can be divided into three main groups: beta-adrenergic stimulants including specific beta-2 receptor agonists (salbutamol, terbutaline, fenoterol) which are the agents of this group used in everyday practice, theophylline and its derivatives, and atropine-like drugs (ipratropium bromide). Bronchodilators act chiefly upon the spasm observed at the bronchial level in reversible obstructive phenomena (mainly asthma), their effect upon inflammation and hypersecretion being slight or controversial. Beta-stimulants have a relatively specific mode of action at the bronchial level in the setting of use in pneumology; they exhibit cardiac effects only at high doses and when used by oral or parenteral routes. Relative to isoprenaline, they also have the advantage of being active orally and over a longer period of time. They are given in maintenance treatment of asthma, by parenteral or oral routes or as aerosols. Main side effects of adrenergic beta-stimulants are tremor with oral administration, and tachycardia with very high doses by parenteral or oral routes; when given as aerosols these agents may fail to control severe attacks. The bronchodilating properties of theophylline have been known for a long time; late...Continue Reading

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