Brucella: a cause of peripheral neuropathy

European Neurology
Gulnihal KutluLevent Ertugrul Inan

Abstract

Brucellosis is a common infectious disease in Mediterranean countries. We evaluated the peripheral nerve involvement in patients with brucellosis. Thirty-eight patients with brucellosis were examined. Four of them were excluded because of B(12) deficiency and diabetes mellitus. Thirty-four patients were included. The average age was 43.08 +/- 15.3 years. Patients were divided into two groups according to the abnormality in their peripheral nervous system (PNS) examination. All patients underwent nerve conduction and needle electromyography EMG studies. Twenty normal healthy subjects were used as a control group. Axonal sensorimotor neuropathy was determined in 12 patients who also had abnormality in PNS examination. After 6 months of treatment, nerve conduction studies were nearly normal in these patients. The EMG findings of the remaining 22 patients were normal, as well as the clinical examination. However, the motor conduction velocities of median (p < 0.001), peroneal (p < 0.001), and ulnar (p < 0.05) nerves were decreased, F wave latencies were prolonged in the posterior tibial and peroneal nerve, and distal latency was also prolonged in the posterior tibial nerve (p < 0.05) when compared to healthy subjects. Sensory condu...Continue Reading

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Sep 17, 2009·Current Opinion in Neurology

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