PMID: 14623412Nov 19, 2003Paper

Brucellosis and Q-fever seroprevalences of nomadic pastoralists and their livestock in Chad

Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Esther SchellingJakob Zinsstag

Abstract

As a part of a research-and-action partnership between public health and veterinary medicine, the relationships between the seroprevalences of brucellosis and Q-fever in humans and livestock were evaluated in three nomadic communities of Chad (Fulani cattle breeders, and Arab camel and cattle breeders). Nomad camps were visited between April 1999 and April 2000. A total of 860 human and 1637 animal sera were tested for antibodies against Brucella spp., and 368 human and 613 animal sera for Coxiella burnetii. The same indirect ELISA was used for livestock and human sera, and the test characteristics for its use on human sera were evaluated. Twenty-eight people were seropositive for brucellosis (seroprevalence 3.8%). Brucella seroprevalence was higher in cattle (7%) than other livestock, and brucellosis seropositivity was a significant factor for abortion in cattle (OR=2.8). No correlation was found between human brucellosis serostatus and camp proportions of seropositive animals. Q-fever-seropositive blood samples were taken from 11 Arab camel and 4 Arab cattle breeders (seroprevalence 1%). Being a camel breeder was associated with Q-fever seropositivity in humans (OR=9). Camels had the highest Q-fever seroprevalence (80%) among...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jun 11, 2008·Tropical Animal Health and Production·P H BayemiH Njakoi
May 22, 2009·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Yasser M GhanemYasin A Musse
Jun 23, 2009·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Nuraddis IbrahimMerga Bekana
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Sep 1, 2015·Veterinary Microbiology·R Van den BromP Vellema

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