Jun 2, 2020

Bufadienolide glycosides and bufadienolides from the whole plants of Helleborus lividus, and their cytotoxic activity

Tomoki IguchiYoshihiro Mimaki


Cytotoxicity-guided fractionation of the MeOH extract of Helleborus lividus Aiton ex Curtis (Ranunculaceae) resulted in the isolation of five undescribed bufadienolide glycosides and two undescribed bufadienolides, along with three known compounds. Their structures were determined by detailed spectroscopic analysis and hydrolysis studies. The isolated compounds showed cytotoxicity against HL-60 human leukemia cells and A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells, with IC50 values ranging from 2.20 ± 0.01 nM to 0.77 ± 0.01 μM. The undescribed compound 3β-[(O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 4)-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl)oxy]-14β,16β-dihydroxy-5β-bufa-20,22-dienolide induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells via a mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathway. The average IC50 values of bufadienolide monorhamnosides for HL-60 and A549 cells were 10-20 times lower than those for Na+/K+ ATPase, implying that they induce tumor cell death via a mechanism of action other than Na+/K+ ATPase inhibition.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Mitochondria in Apoptotic Signaling Pathway
Sodium Cation
A549 Cells
Plant Extracts
Compound (Substance)
Cytotoxic Chemotherapy

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Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis