Butyrate ingestion improves hepatic glycogen storage in the re-fed rat

BMC Physiology
Marie-Christine BeauvieuxJean-Louis Gallis


Butyrate naturally produced by intestinal fiber fermentation is the main nutrient for colonocytes, but the metabolic effect of the fraction reaching the liver is not totally known. After glycogen hepatic depletion in the 48-hour fasting rat, we monitored the effect of (butyrate 1.90 mg + glucose 14.0 mg)/g body weight versus isocaloric (glucose 18.2 mg/g) or isoglucidic (glucose 14.0 mg/g) control force-feeding on in vivo changes in hepatic glycogen and ATP contents evaluated ex vivo by NMR in the isolated and perfused liver. The change in glycogen was biphasic with (i) an initial linear period where presence of butyrate in the diet increased (P = 0.05) the net synthesis rate (0.20 +/- 0.01 micromol/min.g(-1) liver wet weight, n = 15) versus glucose 14.0 mg/g only (0.16 +/- 0.01 micromol/min.g(-1) liver ww, n = 14), and (ii) a plateau of glycogen store followed by a depletion. Butyrate delayed the establishment of the equilibrium between glycogenosynthetic and glycogenolytic fluxes from the 6th to 8th hour post-feeding. The maximal glycogen content was then 97.27 +/- 10.59 micromol/g liver ww (n = 7) at the 8th hour, which was significantly higher than with the isocaloric control diet (64.34 +/- 8.49 micromol/g, n = 12, P = 0.0...Continue Reading


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