PMID: 389410Dec 1, 1979Paper

C-cell disease of the thyroid gland in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2b

J A CarneyA V Hayles


Multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2b (MEN 2b) is a disorder characterized by C-cell disease of the thyroid gland (medullary carcinoma or C-cell hyperplasia, or both), pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromatosis, and skeletal and connective tissue abnormalities. The medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is bilateral and multicentric; it metastasizes locally and distally, often before the disease is recognized. Histologically proven C-cell disease was present in 89 of the 107 patients (83%) reported with the condition, including 17 Mayo Clinic patients (average age at diagnosis, 19.2 years). Nineteen of the 107 patients (18%) died of MTC (average age at death, 25.3 years); 9 (8%) succumbed to pheochromocytoma, 7 of these also having metastatic MTC; 13 12%) died of other or unknown causes, but 2 of these had disseminated MTC as well; 29 (27%) survive with metastatic MTC; an additional 21 (20%) are alive, but concentrations of plasma immunoreactive calcitonin (iCT) have not been measured; 6 more (6%), 5 of whom had thyroidectomy before the age of 12 years, are alive with normal plasma concentrations of iCT; and the remaining 10 (9%) have been lost to follow-up. Survival of patients with MEN 2b after operation was reduced when compared with ...Continue Reading


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