PMID: 2455889Jul 1, 1988

c-src gene product in developing rat brain is enriched in nerve growth cone membranes

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
P F ManessK H Pfenninger

Abstract

Differentiating rat neurons express high levels of the protooncogene product pp60c-src, a 60-kDa tyrosine kinase of unknown function encoded by c-src. pp60c-src was found to be concentrated at least 9-fold in membranes from a subcellular fraction of nerve growth cones, the motile tips of outgrowing neuronal processes. Indirect immunofluorescence staining of cultured chick retinal explants showed pp60c-src in neuronal growth cones and processes, with the antigen particularly concentrated in growth cones of long neurites. pp60c-src in growth cone membranes was an active tyrosine-specific protein kinase with elevated tyrosine-specific protein kinase activity and reduced electrophoretic mobility characteristic of the form of pp60c-src in central nervous system neurons. pp60c-src was present at lower levels in subcellular fractions from mature rat brain but synaptosomal membranes were not enriched. Preferential localization of an active form of pp60c-src in nerve growth cone membranes and persistence of pp60c-src in mature neurons suggest that this tyrosine kinase is important in growth cone-mediated neurite extension and synaptic plasticity.

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Related Concepts

Centrifugation, Density Gradient
Immunofluorescence Assay
SDS-PAGE
Neurons
Brain
Proto-Oncogene Protein pp60 (c-src)
Axon
Retina
Protein KINASE
Chick Embryo

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