C-terminal mini-PEGylation of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide exhibits metabolic stability and improved glucose homeostasis in dietary-induced diabetes

Biochemical Pharmacology
Victor A GaultPeter R Flatt

Abstract

Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide has been proposed as a potential therapeutic for type 2 diabetes, however, efforts to bring forward this drug have been hindered due to its short circulating half-life. We have adopted a novel strategy to increase potency and prolong GIP action through C-terminal mini-PEGylation (GIP[mPEG]). In contrast to GIP, GIP[mPEG] was resistant to dipeptidylpeptidase-IV (DPP-IV) up to and including 24h. Both GIP[mPEG] and GIP concentration-dependently stimulated cAMP production (EC50 6.6 and 0.7 nM, respectively) and insulin secretion (p < 0.01 to p < 0.001) in pancreatic BRIN-BD11 cells. Acute injection of GIP[mPEG] together with glucose to high fat fed mice significantly lowered plasma glucose (p < 0.05) and increased plasma insulin responses (p < 0.05). Furthermore, GIP[mPEG] markedly lowered plasma glucose when administered 4-24h prior to a glucose load (p < 0.05). Daily administration of GIP[mPEG] for 20 days in high fat mice did not alter body weight, food intake or non-fasting plasma insulin, however, non-fasting plasma glucose concentrations were significantly lowered (p < 0.05). Moreover, glucose tolerance was significantly improved (p < 0.05) together with glucose-mediated plasma ins...Continue Reading

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