C-termini are essential and distinct for nucleic acid binding of human NABP1 and NABP2

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
Venkatasubramanian VidhyasagarYuliang Wu

Abstract

Human Nucleic Acid Binding Protein 1 and 2 (hNABP1 and 2; also known as hSSB2 and 1, respectively) are two newly identified single-stranded (ss) DNA binding proteins (SSB). Both NABP1 and NABP2 have a conserved oligonucleotide/oligosaccharide-binding (OB)-fold domain and a divergent carboxy-terminal domain, the functional importance of which is unknown. Recombinant hNABP1/2 proteins were purified using affinity and size exclusion chromatography and their identities confirmed by mass spectrometry. Oligomerization state was checked by sucrose gradient centrifugation. Secondary structure was determined by circular dichroism spectroscopy. Nucleic acid binding ability was examined by EMSA and ITC. Both hNABP1 and hNABP2 exist as monomers in solution; however, hNABP2 exhibits anomalous behavior. CD spectroscopy revealed that the C-terminus of hNABP2 is highly disordered. Deletion of the C-terminal tail diminishes the DNA binding ability and protein stability of hNABP2. Although both hNABP1 and hNABP2 prefer to bind ssDNA than double-stranded (ds) DNA, hNABP1 has a higher affinity for ssDNA than hNABP2. Unlike hNABP2, hNABP1 protein binds and multimerizes on ssDNA with the C-terminal tail responsible for its multimerization. Both hNAB...Continue Reading

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