PMID: 6840934Jan 1, 1983Paper

C5a and antigen-induced tracheal contraction: effect of a combination of an antihistamine and cyclo-oxygenase inhibitors

International Journal of Immunopharmacology
J F Regal, R J Pickering

Abstract

Our previous studies with C5a, a cleavage product of the fifth component of complement, have shown that the antihistamine diphenhydramine and the cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor aspirin do not inhibit the C5a-induced contraction of isolated guinea pig trachea (Regal, Eastman & Pickering, 1980; Regal & Pickering, 1981). We investigated the effect of cyclo-oxygenase inhibitors in the presence of diphenhydramine to determine if cyclo-oxygenase products were contributing to the contraction beyond any effect they might have on histamine release. A combination of a cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor and diphenhydramine caused a delay in onset and decrease in magnitude and duration of the C5a-induced contraction. Indomethacin itself also caused a slight inhibition. In contrast, a combination of aspirin and diphenhydramine did not inhibit the initial portion of antigen-induced tracheal contraction any more than diphenhydramine alone and enhanced the later portion just as aspirin alone. Cross tachyphylaxis experiments demonstrated that antigen pretreatment significantly inhibited a subsequent C5a-induced tracheal contraction, though C5a pretreatment did not affect a subsequent antigen-induced contraction. Thus, cyclo-oxygenase products do contribute t...Continue Reading

References

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