Nov 1, 1990

Ca2+ entry through the apical membrane reduces antidiuretic hormone-induced hydroosmotic response in toad urinary bladder

Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology
W Van DriesscheI Aelvoet

Abstract

The role of Ca2+ in the regulation of antidiuretic hormone(ADH)-induced water permeability of the apical membrane of the toad urinary bladder was examined. The effects of modifying Ca2+ entry through the apical membrane of toad urinary bladders on the hydroosmotic water flow (phi H2O) and short circuit current (Isc) were measured. In most experiments the bladders were treated with small amounts of Ag+ (10(-7) mol/l) on the apical side. This treatment was used because previous experiments indicate that it markedly increases alkali-earth cation fluxes through an amiloride-insensitive cation channel in the apical membrane of the urinary bladder. Moreover, when Ca2+ is the major cation in the apical solution of these Ag(+)-treated bladders, Isc is mostly due to Ca2+ entry through the apical membrane. Ag+ increased Isc and simultaneously inhibited phi H2O in bladders perfused with Ca2+ solutions on the apical side. Addition of La3+ to the apical solution reversed the stimulation of Isc and the inhibition of phi H2O produced by Ag+. When bladders were perfused with Ca2(+)-free solutions on the apical side, addition of Ag+ did not inhibit phi H2O while the stimulation of cation movements through the amiloride-insensitive cation channe...Continue Reading

  • References19
  • Citations3

Mentioned in this Paper

CA2 gene
Calcium
Bufo marinus
Pitressin
Antidiuretic Hormone Measurement
Osmosin
Cyclic AMP
Apical Membrane
Bladder Tissue
Electric Conductivity

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.