Jun 2, 2005

Cadmium uptake by a green alga can be predicted by equilibrium modelling

Environmental Science & Technology
Heliana Kola, Kevin J Wilkinson

Abstract

Short-term uptake of cadmium by a wild-type (2137) and a cell wall-less strain (CW-2) of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was examined as a function of Cd speciation in a well-defined, aqueous medium. Internalization fluxes were determined for free cadmium concentrations ranging from 5 x 10(-10) M to 5 x 10(-4) M in the presence of ligands forming both labile and inert hydrophilic complexes. A first-order biological internalization, as predicted by the free ion activity model (FIAM), was observed for both strains. The maximum Cd internalization flux, Jmax, for the wild-type strain was 5-fold higher (1.3 x 10(-11) mol cm(-2) min(-1)) than for the CW-2 strain (2.3 x 10(-12) mol cm(-2) min(-1)) and was not influenced by the presence of competitors such as Ca in the experimental solution. The conditional stability constant for the adsorption of Cd to transport sites of the CW-2 strain was 5-fold higher (10(6.7) M(-1)) than for the wild-type strain (10(6) M(-1)). Competition experiments demonstrated that Mo, Mn, Cu, Co, Zn, Ni, Ca, and Pb inhibited, at least partially, Cd uptake, while no inhibition was observed for similar concentrations of Mg and Fe. The stability constant for the competitive binding of Ca to the Cd transport site was de...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Complex (molecular entity)
Uptake
Cadmium Measurement
Adsorption
Cell Wall
Water Pollutants
Metabolic Inhibition
Future
Cadmium
Algae

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