Caffeine's effects on true and false memory

Psychological Reports
Sarah Capek, R Kim Guenther


Caffeine's effects on recall of word lists were investigated using the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. College students were administered either 200 mg of caffeine or a 250-mg lactose placebo; after 30 min., they were tested on recall using six word lists. Words of each list were semantically related to a single word (a "critical lure") that was not presented in the list. Participants administered caffeine recalled more list words and more critical lures than participants administered lactose. Recall of list words was negatively correlated with recall of critical lures. Caffeine appears to intensify the strength of connections among list words and critical lures, thereby enhancing both true and false memory.


Jan 1, 1987·Physiology & Behavior·M E ArnoldN Gorman
Jan 1, 1984·Memory & Cognition·H R Arkes, M R Freedman
May 1, 1995·Psychopharmacology·D M Warburton
Aug 1, 1994·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·K J Anderson, W Revelle
Dec 9, 1998·Journal of Experimental Child Psychology·C J Brainerd, V F Reyna
Jun 4, 1999·Memory & Cognition·M A StadlerK B McDermott
Oct 3, 1999·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·C L McEvoyT Komatsu
Oct 31, 2002·Human Psychopharmacology·William L. Kelemen, Catherine E. Creeley
Jul 1, 1959·Journal of Experimental Psychology·J DEESE
May 25, 2005·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·C J Brainerd, Ron Wright
Oct 27, 2005·Psychology and Aging·Rebekah E SmithUte J Bayen
Mar 17, 2007·Psychological Science·Alan D CastelJeffrey L Heitman
Oct 3, 2007·Psychological Review·Daniel R KimballMichael J Kahana

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Sep 24, 2013·Neurobiology of Learning and Memory·Bi ZhuChongde Lin
Sep 15, 2010·Life Sciences·Sunita SharmaHolly Brown-Borg
Nov 30, 2016·Frontiers in Psychology·Stephanie M ShermanLee Ryan
Feb 16, 2021·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·Lilian KloftHenry Otgaar

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.