Nov 3, 1987

Calcium-activated, phospholipid-dependent protein kinases from rat liver: subcellular distribution, purification, and characterization of multiple forms

S AzharE Reaven


Three forms of Ca2+- and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C) were extensively purified from rat liver homogenate. Subcellular fractionation analysis indicated that the majority (approximately 85%) of the activity was associated with particulate fractions of the liver. Among these, the microsomal and nuclear fractions accounted for approximately 63% and approximately 10% of total activity. The remaining 15% of protein kinase C was recovered in the soluble fraction following differential centrifugation. It was also found that most of the membrane-associated protein kinase C was latent, with 4-6-fold stimulation with detergents such as 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-2-hydroxy-1-propanesulfonate, octyl beta-glucoside, or Triton X-100. The activity of both the bound form and the soluble enzyme was enhanced by the addition of Ca2+ and phosphatidylserine, when histone H1 was used as substrate. The bound protein kinase C activity was dissociated by homogenization of liver in buffer containing ethylene glycol bis(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,-N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, and various proteolytic inhibitors, and the solubilized extract was used to purify multiple forms of the enzyme. ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Centrifugation, Density Gradient
Calcium [EPC]
Ethylene Glycol Measurement
Etherum, ether, Homeopathic preparation
Cell Nucleus
Proteolytic Enzyme

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