Jan 13, 1987

Calcium antagonists inhibit positive chronotropic responses to alpha 1-adrenoceptor activation in rat isolated atria

European Journal of Pharmacology
L H TungW J Louis

Abstract

Positive chronotropic responses of rat isolated atria to phenylephrine were reduced by propranolol (0.3 microM) and the residual response was further depressed by the selective alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist prazosin (1 nM) but not yohimbine (10 nM), confirming that a component of the response to phenylephrine was due to activation of alpha 1-adrenoceptors. When beta-adrenoceptors were blocked by propranolol, the positive chronotropic response to phenylephrine was enhanced by increasing the calcium concentration and by the calcium channel activator Bay K 8644 (0.1 microM), whereas the response was decreased by lowering the calcium concentration and by the calcium antagonists verapamil (10 nM), nifedipine (10 nM) and diltiazem (100 nM). In the presence of prazosin, when phenylephrine acts only on beta-adrenoceptors, calcium antagonists had no effect on the response. In rat isolated aortic strips in a calcium-free, high K+ (40 mM) solution, verapamil (10 nM), nifedipine (10 nM) and diltiazem (100 nM) shifted the calcium-induced contraction curves to the right, but prazosin (10 nM) had no effect, indicating that it is not a calcium antagonist. The calcium antagonists in the concentrations stated above had no effect on phenylephri...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
Phenylephrine Hydrochloride
Calcium [EPC]
Nifedipine
Calcium
Depressed - Symptom
Bay-K-8644, (-)-Isomer
Bay-K-8644
August Rats
Antagonist Muscle Action

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