Calcium entry and 5-HT2 receptor blockade in oliguric ischaemic acute renal failure: effects of levemopamil in conscious rats

British Journal of Pharmacology
H J KramerH Meyer-Lehnert

Abstract

1. Unilateral left renal artery occlusion for 1 h in a group of 8 untreated female Sprague-Dawley rats resulted in oliguric acute renal failure (ARF) persisting for more than 6 h after reflow, i.e. after reperfusion of the kidney by removal of the arterial clamp. In a second group of 8 rats with left unilateral ARF the effects of levemopamil (L), a calcium entry blocker with 5-hydroxytryptamine2 (5-HT2) receptor antagonistic properties, were studied. Rats received L as a continuous infusion (6 mg kg-1 h-1) from 1 h before ischaemia until 6 h after reflow. 2. Endogenous creatinine clearance, an estimate of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), of left ischaemic kidneys of untreated rats was almost completely abolished and urine flow was 0.05 +/- 0.02 and 0.03 +/- 0.01 ml h-1 100 g-1 body weight (body wt.) at 2 and at 6 h of reflow, respectively. In contrast, left ischaemic kidneys of L-treated rats revealed significantly higher GFR (0.10 +/- 0.02 and 0.03 +/- 0.01 ml min-1 g-1 kidney weight (k.wt.); P < 0.01) and urine flow (0.51 +/- 0.05 and 0.15 +/- 0.04 ml h-1 100 g-1 body wt.; P < 0.05) at 2 and 6 h of reflow, respectively. 3. At 6 h of reflow, mitochondria from the cortex of left ischaemic kidneys of untreated rats showed signi...Continue Reading

Citations

Sep 15, 1998·Kidney International. Supplement·M VerbekeN H Lameire

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