Calliandra selloi Macbride trypsin inhibitor: isolation, characterization, stability, spectroscopic analyses

Phytochemistry
Lucila YoshizakiCarlota Wolfenstein-Todel

Abstract

A trypsin inhibitor was purified from Calliandra selloi Macbride seeds (CSTI). SDS-PAGE under non-reducing conditions showed a single band of approximately 20,000 Da, while under reducing conditions two bands of 16,000 and 6000 Da were observed, indicating that CSTI consists of two polypeptide chains. Molecular masses of 20,078 and 20,279 were obtained by mass spectrometry, although only one pI of 4.0 was observed and one peak was obtained by reversed phase chromatography. Amino-terminal sequence analysis showed homology to Kunitz-type inhibitors. CSTI was able to inhibit trypsin (Ki 2.21 x 10(-7)M), alpha-chymotrypsin (Ki 4.95 x 10(-7)M) and kallikrein (Ki 4.20 x 10(-7)M) but had no effect on elastase. Trypsin inhibitory activity was stable over a wide range of pH and temperature. CSTI was particularly susceptible to DTT treatment, followed by addition of iodoacetamide. Far-UV circular dichroism measurements revealed that CSTI is a beta-II protein. Thermal unfolding showed a two-state transition with a midpoint at 68 degrees C. Far-UV CD spectra of CSTI at pH extremes showed little changes, while more pronounced differences in near-UV CD spectra were detected. Remarkably, treatment with 1mM DTT caused very slight changes in th...Continue Reading

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Citations

May 6, 2011·Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology·Jing-Jun RuanJi-Rong Shao
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