Callose synthesis during reproductive development in monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants

Plant Signaling & Behavior
Xiao ShiTiegang Lu

Abstract

Callose, a linear β-1,3-glucan molecule, plays important roles in a variety of processes in angiosperms, including development and the response to biotic and abiotic stress. Despite the importance of callose deposition, our understanding of the roles of callose in rice reproductive development and the regulation of callose biosynthesis is limited. GLUCAN SYNTHASE-LIKE genes encode callose synthases (GSLs), which function in the production of callose at diverse sites in plants. Studies have shown that callose participated in plant reproductive development, and that the timely deposition and degradation of callose were essential for normal male gametophyte development. In this mini-review, we described conserved sequences found in GSL family proteins from monocotyledonous (Oryza sativa and Zea mays) and dicotyledonous (Arabidopsis thaliana and Glycine max) plants. We also describe the latest findings on callose biosynthesis and deposition during reproductive development and discuss future challenges in unraveling the mechanism of callose synthesis and deposition in higher plants.

Citations

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Related Concepts

Study
Conserved Sequence
Corn extract
Glycine max
Regulation of Biological Process
Cellular Response to Abiotic Stimulus
Reproductive Development
Oryza sativa
Magnoliopsida
Zea mays

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