Mar 24, 2011

Calvin cycle flux, pathway constraints, and substrate oxidation state together determine the H2 biofuel yield in photoheterotrophic bacteria

MBio
James B McKinlay, Caroline S Harwood

Abstract

Hydrogen gas (H(2)) is a possible future transportation fuel that can be produced by anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria via nitrogenase. The electrons for H(2) are usually derived from organic compounds. Thus, one would expect more H(2) to be produced when anoxygenic phototrophs are supplied with increasingly reduced (electron-rich) organic compounds. However, the H(2) yield does not always differ according to the substrate oxidation state. To understand other factors that influence the H(2) yield, we determined metabolic fluxes in Rhodopseudomonas palustris grown on (13)C-labeled fumarate, succinate, acetate, and butyrate (in order from most oxidized to most reduced). The flux maps revealed that the H(2) yield was influenced by two main factors in addition to substrate oxidation state. The first factor was the route that a substrate took to biosynthetic precursors. For example, succinate took a different route to acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA) than acetate. As a result, R. palustris generated similar amounts of reducing equivalents and similar amounts of H(2) from both succinate and acetate, even though succinate is more oxidized than acetate. The second factor affecting the H(2) yield was the amount of Calvin cycle flux competing for ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Biochemical Pathway
Metabolic Networks and Pathways
Coenzyme A
Organic Chemicals
Succinates
Rana palustris
Rosa palustris
Hydrogen
Oxidation

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