PMID: 1460791Oct 1, 1992Paper

Can death at a low COHb concentration frequently observed in fire victims be explained by hypoxic hypoxia?

Nihon hōigaku zasshi = The Japanese journal of legal medicine
H WazawaY Fukui


Fire deaths at low COHb (carboxyhemoglobin) concentrations are frequently observed, but it is difficult to determine the causative factors. Participation of hypoxic hypoxia was examined using rats and rabbits exposed to various low-O2 and CO gas mixtures. The ranges of O2 and CO concentration were 3.0-22.2% and 0.3-2.9%, respectively. The concentration of CO2 was fixed at about 5%. Rats were individually exposed to the test gas in a plastic chamber. Rabbits inhaled the test gas through a tracheal cannula. The survival time of rats ranged from 3.9-7.7 min, and that of rabbits was 8.0-22.5 min. Rats exposed to the most hypoxic gas mixture (O2 3%-CO 0.3%) died with COHb values below 40%. Rabbits also died with a low COHb concentration under this condition, but the COHb concentration was not below 50%. Rabbits were considered to be more resistant to hypoxic hypoxia than rats. From the literature on the relationship between the grade of burns and the concentration of COHb, as well as the findings obtained in the present experiment, hypoxic hypoxia did not appear to be a main factor causing death at low COHb concentrations. In the rabbit the COHb concentration increased exponentially and reached plateau levels within 10 min in many g...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.