Can intrauterine contraceptive devices lead to VulvoVaginal Candidiasis (VVC) and Anemia in Iranian new users?

Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare : Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Samira Behboudi-GandevaniShahla Roudbar-Mohammadi

Abstract

To assess the prevalence of anemia and VulvoVaginal Candidiasis (VVC) in women before and 3 months after copper Intra Uterine Device (IUD) insertion. Longitudinal prospective study was performed with 101 women aged 15-45 year who wanted to use the IUD at six health centers in Tehran, Iran from November 2011 to August 2012. The pattern of bleeding, Hemoglobin and Hematocirt levels, and Candida colony count/cultures in the women were assessed before and after 3 months of IUD insertion. Data analysis was performed by descriptive and analytical statistics using the SPSS software for Windows. At the end of 3 months, a significant increase in menstrual blood loss and a significant decrease of Hb and HCT (P=0.047 and 0.001, respectively) were reported. Moreover, no difference in the prevalence of anemia before and after IUD insertion was observed. The mean±SD Candida colony counts significantly increased (P=0.001), but positive Candida cultures were not significantly different before and 3 months after IUD insertion. Also, no clinical VVC was reported 3 months after IUD insertion. While BMI≥29 had a positive relationship with Candida colony counts, the results remained unchanged after adjusting for potential risk factors. Despite an i...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Sep 5, 2020·International Journal of STD & AIDS·Guideline Development Group Cara Saxon Lead AuthorMark FitzGerald Ceg Editor

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