Cancer risk in adolescents and young adults living with HIV in South Africa: a nationwide cohort study.

The Lancet. HIV
Yann RuffieuxEliane Rohner

Abstract

Literature on cancer in adolescents and young adults (AYA; aged 15-24 years) living with HIV is scarce. We studied cancer incidence in AYA living with HIV in South Africa between 2004 and 2014. In this nationwide cohort study, we included individuals between 15 and 24 years old who had at least two HIV-related laboratory measurements on separate days between Jan 1, 2004, and Dec 31, 2014, recorded in the National Health Laboratory Service database. We used privacy-preserving probabilistic record linkage methods to identify HIV-related laboratory records that most likely belonged to the same individual and to then link these individuals to cancer diagnoses from the National Cancer Registry. We computed incidence rates for the most common cancers in AYA living with HIV, and we assessed associations between these cancers and sex, age, calendar year, and CD4 cell count using Cox proportional hazards models and adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs). We included 782 454 AYA living with HIV (698 066 [89·2%] women) with 1 428 114 person-years of follow-up. Of those, 867 developed incident cancer (incidence rate 60·7 per 100 000 person-years), including 429 who developed Kaposi sarcoma (30·0 per 100 000 person-years), 107 non-Hodgkin lymphoma (...Continue Reading

Citations

Sep 13, 2021·The Lancet. HIV·Alan Davidson, Zainab Mohamed

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