Canine episcleritis, nodular episclerokeratitis, scleritis, and necrotic scleritis

The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
Bruce H Grahn, Lynne S Sandmeyer


This article provides a brief review of human episcleritis and scleritis, because the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of these disorders are perhaps the best understood of all species of animals. The clinical and light microscopic manifestations, therapeutic options, and prognosis for primary and secondary episcleritis and scleritis in dog are also reviewed. The focus of this article is on primary and secondary inflammatory conditions that originate in the episclera and sclera caused by idiopathic or known etiologies.


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Mar 17, 2004·Ophthalmology·Esen Karamursel AkpekDouglas A Jabs
Jan 13, 2005·Veterinary Ophthalmology·Mitzi K ZarfossKristiane S Schmidt
Jun 22, 2005·Survey of Ophthalmology·Narciss OkhraviSusan Lightman
Oct 24, 2006·Ocular Immunology and Inflammation·Inci Ulu GungorOzge Darka
Jan 26, 2007·Cornea·Richard S DavidsonVikram D Durairaj
Apr 21, 2007·Veterinary Ophthalmology·Carrie B BreauxBruce H Grahn

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Mar 5, 2013·Progress in Retinal and Eye Research·Denis WakefieldPeter McCluskey
Jun 12, 2013·Veterinary Ophthalmology·Amber L Labelle, Philippe Labelle
Jul 14, 2010·Veterinary Ophthalmology·Laura D BarnesElizabeth A Giuliano
Sep 18, 2015·Veterinary Sciences·Guillaume Cazalot, Sidonie N Lavergne
Jun 7, 2020·Experimental Eye Research·D P C VergouwenM W J Schreurs

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