Canine resistances to gastric emptying of liquid nutrients after ulcer surgery

Digestive Diseases and Sciences
N S WilliamsJ H Meyer

Abstract

In two groups of dogs, we studied average rates of gastric emptying of 0.15 M NaCl, 0.6 M glucose, or 0.04 M oleate liquid meals while gastric pressures were controlled by a barostat and compared this emptying to spontaneous gastric emptying of the same three meals. In the first group of dogs, this comparison was made before and after truncal vagotomy + pyloroplasty (TVP); and in the second group, before and after antrectomy, first with gastroduodenostomy (A-BI) and then with Roux-Y bypass (A-RY). Under barostatically controlled gastric pressures, gastric emptying of oleate and glucose remained slower than emptying of saline before as well as after TVP or A-BI and A-RY. However, all operations accelerated initial spontaneous emptying, compressing differences between half-emptying times of the three meals. We conclude postfundic resistances remain after TVP or antrectomy but may act too late to alter rapid initial emptying.

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Canis familiaris
Duodenum
Gastric Emptying
Anhydrous Dextrose
Oleic Acids
Marginal Ulcer
Pyloric Antrum
Sodium Chloride, (24)NaCl
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