PMID: 3512428Mar 1, 1986Paper

Captopril modifies the hemodynamic and neuroendocrine responses to sodium nitroprusside in hypertensive patients

W A ClementiT K Keeton


To determine if clinically effective doses of the antihypertensive agent captopril affected the neuronal release of norepinephrine or baroreflex sensitivity, changes in plasma norepinephrine concentration and heart rate were related to the changes in mean arterial pressure seen during the intravenous infusion of stepwise incremental doses of sodium nitroprusside before and during captopril treatment in eight hypertensive men with normal or low plasma renin activity. At all times, significant linear correlations were found between the decrease in mean arterial pressure and the dose of sodium nitroprusside, the increase in heart rate and the decrease in mean arterial pressure, and the increase in plasma norepinephrine concentration and the decrease in mean arterial pressure. When the subjects were treated with captopril (25 mg t.i.d.) for 2 to 4 weeks, supine mean arterial pressure decreased from 130 to 114 mm Hg (-12%; p less than 0.05), heart rate did not change, supine and upright plasma renin activity increased, while supine plasma norepinephrine and epinephrine concentration decreased slightly. Therapy with captopril (25 mg t.i.d.) increased baroreflex sensitivity, as assessed by the slope of the regression line relating the...Continue Reading


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