Capture-recapture to estimate the size of the population with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection

D D AbeniC A Perucci


Estimating and monitoring the total number of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is a critical public health objective. No single epidemiologic methodology yields completely reliable estimates. We used techniques originally designed to estimate the size of wildlife populations to complement estimates of the size of the population with HIV-1 infection in Lazio, Italy, during 1990 obtained from surveillance, surveys, and dynamic mathematical models. We used reports from four large testing sites to generate incomplete, partially overlapping lists of HIV-positive subjects. Log-linear models yielded estimated prevalences of 5.65 per 1,000 among males (95% confidence interval = 4.52-6.78) and 1.84 per 1,000 (95% confidence interval = 1.34-2.33) among females in the population age 15-64 years. This method provides a simple and inexpensive means of obtaining accurate estimates of the total number of HIV seropositives. It could be applied easily in all situations in which data from multiple sources are available.


Nov 9, 2004·Statistics in Medicine·Xiaoyin WangDongchu Sun
Dec 1, 1996·Epidemiology and Infection·D Bergmire-SweatV Reddy
Sep 15, 2001·Journal of Applied Microbiology·H I CheunK Takeshi
Feb 20, 2002·Journal of Applied Microbiology·G R CampbellK Killham
Dec 22, 1999·Journal of Viral Hepatitis·A LöveA Widell
Dec 22, 1999·Journal of Viral Hepatitis·H BarrosH Miranda
Sep 14, 1999·Medical and Veterinary Entomology·K MoriyaH Watanabe
Jul 31, 2001·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·H GötzJ Giesecke
May 4, 2002·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Morton N Swartz
Oct 2, 2002·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Israel PotasmanMajed Odeh
Aug 31, 2002·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Sharon L MessengerCharles E Rupprecht
Jul 27, 2004·Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine·M T BrugalL Torralba
Apr 20, 2002·Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases·Victor L. Yu
Mar 1, 1997·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·M L O'RyanD O Matson
Feb 20, 1998·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·K EdmondC Kilburn
May 12, 1998·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·L SaimanP Della-Latta
Sep 3, 1998·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·M L GuerreroG M Ruiz-Palacios
Mar 27, 1999·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·D K MitchellM J Carter
Apr 5, 2000·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·M CampinsJ Vaqué
Feb 13, 2002·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·Michael D LibmanBrainJ Ward
Apr 12, 2003·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·Tatiana M LanzieriD Rebecca Prevots
Jun 4, 2005·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·Bernard DuvalVladimir Gîlca
Nov 18, 2006·Journal of Thoracic Imaging·Aletta Ann FrazierJeffrey R Galvin
Aug 6, 2008·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·Edmundo Neira-MunozIbrahim Abubakar
May 23, 2002·Risk Analysis : an Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis·Charles N Haas
Dec 1, 1996·The Journal of Applied Bacteriology·P J NaughtonA Pusztai
Dec 1, 1996·The Journal of Applied Bacteriology·J S Wallace, K Jones
Jan 1, 1995·Journal of Viral Hepatitis·C J Tibbs
Nov 5, 2002·Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health·Natalie K WalkerStephen MacMahon
Jan 6, 2001·Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention·A Morrison, D H Stone
Nov 24, 1999·Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health·M T BrugalR Hartnoll
Dec 7, 2000·American Journal of Veterinary Research·J M SargeantJ C Galland
Nov 5, 2004·American Journal of Veterinary Research·David G RenterLaura L Hungerford

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.