Carbonic anhydrase modification for carbon management

Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Anand Giri, Deepak Pant


Carbonic anhydrase modification (chemical and biological) is an attractive strategy for its diverse application to accelerate the absorption of CO2 from a flue gas with improved activity and stability. This article reports various possibilities of CA modification using metal-ligand homologous chemistry, cross-linking agents, and residue- and group-specific and genetic modifications, and assesses their role in carbon management. Chemically modified carbonic anhydrase is able to improve the absorption of carbon dioxide from a gas stream into mediation compounds with enhanced sequestration and mineral formation. Genetically modified CA polypeptide can also increase carbon dioxide conversion. Chemical modification of CA can be categorized in terms of (i) residue-specific modification (involves protein-ligand interaction in terms of substitution/addition) and group-specific modifications (based on the functional groups of the target CA). For every sustainable change, there should be no/limited toxic or immunological response. In this review, several CA modification pathways and biocompatibility rules are proposed as a theoretical support for emerging research in this area.


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