Cardiac imaging plays an important role in both congenital and acquired heart diseases. Cardiac computed tomography (angiography) cCT(A) is a non-invasive, increasingly popular, complementary modality to echocardiography in evaluation of congenital heart diseases (CHD) in children. Despite radiation exposure, cCT(A) is now commonly used for evaluation of the complex CHD, giving information of both intra-cardiac and extra-cardiac anatomy, coronary arteries, and vascular structures. This review article will focus on the fundamentals and essentials for performing cCT(A) in children, including radiation dose awareness, basic techniques, and strengths and weaknesses of cCT(A) compared with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI), and applications. The limitations of this modality will also be discussed, including the CHD for which cMRI may be substituted.
Magnetic resonance measurement of velocity and flow: technique, validation, and cardiovascular applications
Helical CT angiography and three-dimensional reconstruction of total anomalous pulmonary venous connections in neonates and infants
Multiplanar and three-dimensional multi-detector row CT of thoracic vessels and airways in the pediatric population
Low-kilovoltage multi-detector row chest CT in adults: feasibility and effect on image quality and iodine dose
Repair of tetralogy of Fallot with anomalous coronary arteries coursing across the obstructed right ventricular outflow tract
Assessment of differential branch pulmonary blood flow: a comparative study of phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging and radionuclide lung perfusion imaging
Diagnostic accuracy of dual-source multi-slice CT-coronary angiography in patients with an intermediate pretest likelihood for coronary artery disease
Introduction to cardiac imaging in infants and children: techniques, potential, and role in the imaging work-up of various cardiac malformations and other pediatric heart conditions
Cardiac MRI and CT features of inheritable and congenital conditions associated with sudden cardiac death
Evaluation of image quality and radiation dose of thoracic and coronary dual-source CT in 110 infants with congenital heart disease
Safety and accuracy of 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography in children after the arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries
Use of 320-detector computed tomographic angiography for infants and young children with congenital heart disease
Evaluation with 64-slice CT of the prevalence of coronary artery variants and congenital anomalies: a retrospective study of 3,236 patients
Application of prospective ECG-triggered dual-source CT coronary angiography for infants and children with coronary artery aneurysms due to Kawasaki disease
Computed Tomography Imaging in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease Part I: Rationale and Utility. An Expert Consensus Document of the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT): Endorsed by the Society of Pediatric Radiology (SPR) and the North American Society of Cardiac Imaging (NASCI)
Computed Tomography Imaging in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease, Part 2: Technical Recommendations. An Expert Consensus Document of the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT): Endorsed by the Society of Pediatric Radiology (SPR) and the North American Society of Cardiac Imaging (NASCI)
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia: Spanish adaptation of the position paper from the Consensus Panel on Familial Hypercholesterolaemia of the European Atherosclerosis Society. Consensus document of the Spanish Society of Arteriosclerosis (SEA) and Familial Hypercholesterolaemia Foundation (FHF)
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia: new insights and guidance for clinicians to improve detection and clinical management. A position paper from the Consensus Panel on Familial Hypercholesterolaemia of the European Atherosclerosis Society
Assessment of tetralogy of Fallot-associated congenital extracardiac vascular anomalies in pediatric patients using low-dose dual-source computed tomography
Radiation dose reduction in pediatric cardiac computed tomography: experience from a tertiary medical center
Five-year survival, performance, and neurodevelopmental outcome following cardiopulmonary resuscitation after pediatric cardiac surgery, preliminary investigation in a single-center experience
Impact of contrast exposure from computed tomography angiography on acute kidney injury after neonatal cardiopulmonary bypass surgery
Common atrium and the associated malformations: Evaluation by low-dose dual-source computed tomography
Chest CTA in children younger than two years - a retrospective comparison of three contrast injection protocols
Quality Initiative to Reduce Cardiac CT Angiography Radiation Exposure in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital Heart Disease in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries: Current Status and New Opportunities.
Feasibility of ferumoxytol-enhanced neonatal and young infant cardiac MRI without general anesthesia
Feasibility of Low Volume of High-Concentration Iodinated Contrast Medium With 70 kVp Tube Voltage on High-Pitch Dual-Source Computed Tomography Angiography in Children With Congenital Heart Disease.
Congenital heart disease frequency in children undergoing MDCT angiography; a 4-year tertiary care hospital experience from Kabul, Afghanistan
Cajal Bodies & Gems
Cajal bodies or coiled bodies are dense foci of coilin protein. Gemini of Cajal bodies, or gems, are microscopically similar to Cajal bodies. It is believed that Cajal bodies play important roles in RNA processing while gems assist the Cajal bodies. Find the latest research on Cajal bodies and gems here.
Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.
Aneurysms are outward distensions or bulges that occurs in a weakened wall of blood vessels. Discover the latest research on aneurysms here.