PMID: 8610508Jan 1, 1995Paper

Cardiac effects of iodixanol compared to those of other nonionic and ionic contrast media on the isolated rat heart

Acta Radiologica. Supplementum
J A DunkelH Refsum


This study was designed to compare the cardiac electrophysiology and mechanical effects of iodixanol to those of iotrolan, iopromide, ioxaglate and diatrizoate. Two consecutive injections of contrast media (CM) (0.3 g I/kg and 0.9 g I/kg b.w.) were given to spontaneously beating, Langendorff-perfused rat hearts. CM were given as a single, short-lasting bolus injection (i.e. over 2 and 5 s). Changes in aortic pressure, left ventricular pressures and ECG were continuously recorded during constant volume perfusion. The nonionic CM had less pronounced effects on aortic pressure than had the ionic media. The peak rate of isovolumetric contraction (LV dP/dt(max)) was slightly decreased by iodixanol and iotrolan, slightly more decreased by iopromide and markedly decreased by ioxaglate and diatrizoate. Similarly, the peak rate of pressure decline (LV dP/dt (min)) was only slightly decreased by iodixanol and iotrolan. Also, the 2 nonionic dimers had the smallest effects on the left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and heart rate. Ioxaglate lengthened the PQ-interval, but less so than diatrizoate. THe QT-interval was only slightly lengthened by iodixanol and iotrolan, as compared to the lenghthening caused by iopromide, ioxagla...Continue Reading


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