Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a serious problem worldwide. Recent advances in the knowledge about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication and the treatment of HIV infection have improved survival in HIV patients. Because of the longer survival in HIV patients, the more manifestations of late-stage HIV infection will be seen, including HIV-related cardiac diseases. The common cardiac manifestations in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency virus are pericardial effusion, myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, endocarditis, pulmonary hypertension, malignant neoplasms, and drug-related cardiotoxicity. This review focuses on these cardiac manifestations in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
F18 FDG positron emission tomography revelation of primary testicular lymphoma with concurrent multiple extra nodal involvement
Prevalence and severity of ventricular dysfunction in patients with HIV-related pulmonary arterial hypertension
Complete heart block and persistent lactic acidosis as an initial presentation of non-hodgkin lymphoma in a critically ill newly diagnosed AIDS patient
Impaired oxygen on-kinetics in persons with human immunodeficiency virus are not due to highly active antiretroviral therapy
Predictors of mortality in HIV-1 infected children on antiretroviral therapy in Kenya: a prospective cohort.
p38 MAP kinase inhibitor prevents diastolic dysfunction in rats following HIV gp120 injection in vivo
Cardiovascular dysfunction in HIV-infected children in a sub-Saharan African country: comparative cross-sectional observational study
Echocardiographic findings and their impact on outcomes of critically ill patients with AIDS in the era of HAART.
The Events in Care Screening Questionnaire (ECSQ): a new tool to identify needs and concerns of people with HIV/AIDS
Right and left ventricular cardiac function in a developed world population with human immunodeficiency virus studied with radionuclide ventriculography
A comparison of HIV-positive patients with and without infective endocarditis: an echocardiographic study--the Emory Endocarditis Group experience
Long-term outcome of peripartum cardiomyopathy in a population with high seropositivity for human immunodeficiency virus
Acute myocardial infarction and rescue percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in a young HIV-infected patient
Right and left cardiac function in HIV-infected patients investigated using radionuclide ventriculography and brain natriuretic peptide: a 5-year follow-up study
Decreased peak arteriovenous oxygen difference during treadmill exercise testing in individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus
Cardiac disease in transgenic mice expressing human immunodeficiency virus-1 nef in cells of the immune system
HIV protease inhibitors and onset of cardiovascular diseases: a central role for oxidative stress and dysregulation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system
A literature review on cardiovascular risk in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: implications for clinical management
Diffuse-regressive alterations and apoptosis of myocytes: possible causes of myocardial dysfunction in HIV-related cardiomyopathy
Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, that can lead to muscular or electrical dysfunction of the heart. It is often an irreversible disease that is associated with a poor prognosis. There are different causes and classifications of cardiomyopathies. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to this disease.