The objectives of this article are to discuss key radiologic features that differentiate primary and secondary cardiac masses. Clinical scenarios are included to highlight stepwise radiologic workup of tumors of the pericardium, epicardium, myocardium, valves, and chambers. The involvement of key cardiac anatomic structures will also be emphasized to determine resectability and guide surgical planning. Multimodality imaging plays a pivotal role in diagnosis and surgical planning of cardiac masses. Clinical features, such as patient age, location, and imaging characteristics of the mass will determine the likely differential diagnosis. In addition to radiologic evaluation of the mass itself, involvement of valvular apparatus, extent of myocardial involvement, or presence of associated coronary artery involvement is necessary to determine resectability and surgical technique.
Paraganglioma seen with FDG dual-head gamma camera coincidence imaging after false-negative results of I-123 MIBG imaging
Surgical treatment of cardiac papillary fibroelastoma: a single center experience with eighty-eight patients
Lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum: prevalence and features on fusion 18F fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT
Aortic valve leaflet reconstruction after excision of a papillary fibroelastoma using autologous pericardium
An example of Lambl's excrescences by transesophageal echocardiogram: a commonly misinterpreted lesion
Treatment strategies for pediatric patients with primary cardiac and pericardial tumors: a 30-year review.
Characterization of a right atrial lipoma by transthoracic, contrast and transesophageal echocardiography
Cardiac MRI-based multi-modality imaging in clinical decision-making: Preliminary assessment of a management algorithm for patients with suspected cardiac mass
Incremental value of cardiac magnetic resonance for the evaluation of cardiac tumors in adults: experience of a high volume tertiary cardiology centre
The Assessment of Cardiac Masses by Cardiac CT and CMR Including Pre-op 3D Reconstruction and Planning
Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, that can lead to muscular or electrical dysfunction of the heart. It is often an irreversible disease that is associated with a poor prognosis. There are different causes and classifications of cardiomyopathies. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to this disease.