Cardiac output and central distribution of blood flow in the human fetus

Circulation
G Mielke, N Benda

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to establish reference ranges for left and right cardiac output and to investigate blood flow distribution through the foramen ovale, ductus arteriosus, and pulmonary bed in human fetuses. A prospective study was performed in 222 normal fetuses from 13 to 41 weeks of gestation with high-resolution color Doppler ultrasound. Cardiac output and ductal flow were calculated by use of vessel diameter and the time-velocity integral. Pulmonary blood flow was expressed as the difference between right cardiac output and ductal flow. Foramen ovale flow was estimated as the difference between pulmonary flow and left cardiac output. Gestational age-specific reference ranges are given for left, right, and biventricular output and volume of ductal blood flow, showing an exponential increase with gestational age. Median ratio of right to left cardiac output was 1.42 and was not associated with gestational age. Right cardiac output was 59% and left cardiac output was 41% of biventricular cardiac output. Median biventricular cardiac output was estimated to be 425 mL. min(-1). kg(-1) fetal weight. Ductal blood flow was 46%, estimated pulmonary flow was 11%, and estimated foramen ovale flow was 33% of biventricula...Continue Reading

References

Jan 1, 1992·Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy·C S Kleinman, J A Copel
Aug 1, 1991·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·G TulzerJ C Huhta
Sep 1, 1991·American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology·K van der MoorenJ W Wladimiroff
Oct 1, 1991·American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology·G Rizzo, D Arduini
Jan 1, 1990·European Heart Journal·N P Lewis, A H Henderson
Oct 1, 1989·Archives of Disease in Childhood·P WinbergB P Lundell
Oct 1, 1987·Archives of Disease in Childhood·M R Drayton, R Skidmore
Mar 1, 1988·The American Journal of Physiology·F C MorinC E Lundgren
Aug 1, 1987·The American Journal of Cardiology·M C De SmedtE J Meijboom
Jun 1, 1987·British Heart Journal·L D AllanM Tynan
Nov 15, 1986·The American Journal of Cardiology·I P PanidisG S Mintz
Jul 1, 1981·The American Journal of Physiology·D F AndersonK L Thornburg
May 30, 1993·Statistics in Medicine·D G Altman
Oct 1, 1993·The Journal of Pediatrics·F J WaltherJ O Leighton
Jan 1, 1995·Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation·G MielkeK Marzusch
Jan 1, 1997·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·G MielkeR Goelz
Nov 1, 1992·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·C BrezinkaJ W Wladimiroff
Mar 1, 1994·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·C BrezinkaJ W Wladimiroff

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Aug 8, 2001·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·E Ferrazzi
May 25, 2006·Acta Paediatrica·Lilian S Teixeira, Patrick J McNamara
Sep 15, 2005·Current Opinion in Pediatrics·Greggory R Devore
Jun 17, 2011·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·Brian J Koos
Nov 28, 2012·Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance : Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance·Mike SeedChristopher K Macgowan
Jul 31, 2013·Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance : Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance·Bahiyah Al NafisiMike Seed
Oct 8, 2009·Pediatric Research·Carla D Sá-CoutoPedro M Sá-Couto
Mar 20, 2010·Journal of Perinatal Medicine·Michael TchirikovAlexander Scholz
Aug 21, 2010·Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine : Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians·Mark SklanskyJayne Shannon-Rodriguez
Dec 19, 2013·Pediatric Research·Jeroen J van VonderenArjan B te Pas
Jun 27, 2014·Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition·Jeroen J van VonderenArno A W Roest
Jan 18, 2005·Coronary Artery Disease·Kelly M ChinLewis J Rubin
Nov 17, 2011·Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy·Francesca A ByrneAnita J Moon-Grady
May 23, 2012·Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy·Philip DeKoninckJan Deprest
Jun 6, 2002·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·G MielkeU Gembruch
Jan 22, 2011·The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians·Christiane SimioniAntonio Fernandes Moron
Oct 21, 2015·Pediatrics and Neonatology·Tai-Wei WuIstvan Seri
Jun 19, 2013·The Journal of Surgical Research·Alan ColemanFoong-Yen Lim
Apr 9, 2013·Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual·Ganga KrishnamurthyEmile Bacha
Jan 17, 2012·The Journal of Pediatrics·Shahab NooriMarilyn Escobedo
Jan 15, 2016·Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : Official Publication of the American Society of Echocardiography·Muhamed SaricKirsten Tolstrup
Apr 26, 2011·Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology·Edward M DzialowskiEduardo Villamor
Mar 1, 2011·Clinics in Perinatology·Ganesh AcharyaJuha Rasanen
Nov 6, 2010·Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine·Boris Tutschek, Klaus G Schmidt
Mar 28, 2009·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·Anita SzwastJack Rychik
Jan 20, 2015·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·F A ByrneA J Moon-Grady
Mar 14, 2016·Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : Official Publication of the American Society of Echocardiography·Catherine GagnonFrederic Dallaire
Dec 23, 2004·Prenatal Diagnosis·Torvid Kiserud, Ganesh Acharya
Apr 8, 2009·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·T VimpeliG Acharya
Sep 26, 2009·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·M L Kinsel-ZiterE C Michelfelder
May 30, 2007·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·A SzwastJ Rychik
Jun 15, 2007·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·B MessingS Yagel
Oct 29, 2008·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·M SuetersF P H A Vandenbussche
Apr 7, 2015·Interface Focus·A R ClarkJ L James
Nov 1, 2008·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·T VimpeliG Acharya
Jul 11, 2006·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·T KiserudS Rasmussen
Aug 5, 2008·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·M TchirikovH J Schröder
Jul 18, 2008·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·F S MolinaK H Nicolaides
Feb 13, 2009·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·L B UittenbogaardJ M G van Vugt
Mar 28, 2006·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·A A Baschat

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Cardiology Journals

Discover the latest cardiology research in this collection of the top cardiology journals.

Related Papers

Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
E Esh-BroderS Yagel
Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
John Simpson, A Cook
Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
F S MolinaK H Nicolaides
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved