Aug 1, 1990

Cardiac resuscitability with cardiopulmonary bypass after increasing ventricular fibrillation times in dogs

Annals of Emergency Medicine
H ReichY Leonov


Previous studies in dogs have shown resuscitation from prolonged cardiac arrest to conscious survival to be more effective with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) than with standard advanced cardiac life support. This study compared cardiovascular resuscitability with CPB only after varying periods of cardiac arrest without artificial circulatory support in a canine model. Group 1 (ten) was subjected to ventricular fibrillation for 15 minutes; group 2 (ten) for 20 minutes; and group 3 (ten) for 30 minutes. All received total CPB after ventricular fibrillation without advanced cardiac life support to defibrillation at two to five minutes and partial CPB to four hours. In all three groups CPB with epinephrine generated normal coronary perfusion pressure and increased ventricular fibrillation amplitude significantly. In groups 1 and 2, CPB reperfusion allowed for successful defibrillation in less than five minutes, weaning from CPB in all dogs at four hours, and stable spontaneous circulation thereafter. In group 3, only five of ten dogs could be weaned from bypass at four hours, and all died early with myocardial necroses. It was concluded that CPB may be of value in the setting of prolonged cardiac arrest when advanced card...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Ventricular Fibrillation
Circulatory System
Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm
Epinephrine Measurement
Body Surface Area Formula for Dogs
Myocardial Reperfusion
Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Related Feeds


Arrhythmias are abnormalities in heart rhythms, which can be either too fast or too slow. They can result from abnormalities of the initiation of an impulse or impulse conduction or a combination of both. Here is the latest research on arrhythmias.


Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, that can lead to muscular or electrical dysfunction of the heart. It is often an irreversible disease that is associated with a poor prognosis. There are different causes and classifications of cardiomyopathies. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to this disease.